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Another Look At Political Parties’ Primaries

In my last edition, I had promised to interrogate the political parties’ primaries in my next one. Notwithstanding that pledge, I have been inundated with several enquiries as per my perspective on all that had transpired within the period of the political parties’ primaries. Prior to delving into the subject, permit me to congratulate all those that have succeeded so far in graduating from aspirants into candidates, particularly the presidential candidates and frontliners, Asiwaju Bola Tinubu, Alhaji Atiku Abubakar, Mr. Peter Obi, Alhaji Rabiu Kwankwaso and, of course, my comrade, Omoyele Sowore. Recall that, in my previous editions, I considered the importance of party primaries in the nomination of candidates of political parties. I have examined the various types of primary elections allowed by the Electoral Act, 2022, and the modes of organising them. Ultimately, the political parties’ primaries are now concluded.

To a large extent, it can be said that, more than ever before, at least at the national level, there is some sort of effort at complying with the dictates of internal democracy, even though, realistically, in a contaminated and convoluted manner. It is clear that, preparatory to the primary elections in various parties, different categories of aspirants emerged in the process, particularly at the presidential level, the most glaring and instructive one of which occurred in the ruling party, All Progressives Congress (APC). We have seen in the process a parade of opportunists, pretenders, hatchet men and the main gladiators. Opportunists are those who never thought of contesting in the primaries but saw some permutations, like regional, ethnic or religious interests, working in their favour and, therefore, decided to splash N100 million on the party in order to be called aspirants. These ones felt that fate might smile on them and a miracle might happen. They never really bothered to campaign or genuinely seek votes. They only waited for a benevolent spirit to crack this naughty and hard kernel for them.

The pretenders are those who actually knew that by no stretch of imagination could they win the primary election but still chose to cast their net wildly. They jumped into the fray, made a little noise, claimed to be entitled and felt that their presence could be felt. On the other hand, we have the hatchet men: those who bought forms or for whom nomination and expression of interest forms were bought. These ones were actually in the race for the purpose of stepping down for their funder when the chips were down or assisting in stabbing their sponsor’s opponent or their perceived enemy. These ones did not actually have any delegate to present to the masquerade in whose shadow they were dancing but only took the nomination and expression of interest forms to create a façade of large number of aspirants.

They are to behave like scarecrows against the lily-livered prospective opponents of their sponsors who might feel that their own particular side of the national ocean had too many fishes and it might not be wise to join the contest. These ones, at the beginning of the primaries, were quick to leave the space for their sponsors, appreciating the Waterloo ahead. They succeeded in swelling the popularity of whoever they stepped down for and the mass of supporters of their sponsors was quick to praise such to high heavens.

The last set are the gladiators. These are men with balls big enough to display the quality of manhood. They were men who actually meant business and came into the campaign for the purpose of actually being nominated by the delegates of the party. APC had these in the last set that actually polled and made a fight for their money. They came out either with or without votes, depending on their pockets and presence of image. At least, this process showed some elements of internal democracy, whatever the imperfections are.

By the tenets of democracy, political party members are meant to have directly or indirectly a say in the determination of their candidates who will be the party’s standard-bearers. Historically, this has not been allowed to develop by the various godfathers presiding over the political process in Nigeria. They stifle the internal democratic process through their illicit wealth and influence, most times sapping the will of the majority of the party members. However, through various legislative and judicial interventions, some sort of coercion is being brought to bear on the political parties towards adherence to internal democratic principles. This electoral cycle, therefore, witnessed a level of compliance, though it is not yet uhuru.

Beyond these legal interventions, however, the eventual body language and decision of the President in the ruling party finally drove home the point. Prior to this stand of the President, reportedly, he had been said to be on the verge of joining this ugly trail by anointing his own aspirant, rationalizing it on the basis of the practice of the governors who, over time, have been enjoying the same dictatorial largesse. A few months earlier, the President got away with the appointment, rather than election, of the chairman of the ruling party, dictatorially. However, as analysed correctly by most commentators on the issue, he met stiff resistance on the nomination of the presidential standard-bearer as he could not pull it through.

Suddenly, the President had become a lame duck. It is less than a year to the end of his regime, attention has shifted to the next in command, generally known as ‘Incoming.’ In the process of attempting to execute the agenda, he injured the party chairman who was meant to be the apostle of the message, by abandoning him midstream. This is not unusual of Mr. President as Nigerians seem to have been used to that already. For whatever it is worth, however, at least for ultimately speaking out on the side of internal democracy, grudgingly or otherwise, I believe he still deserves our commendation. That is to say, whatever may be the circumstances in which this process that led to the emergence of Asiwaju Bola Ahmed Tinubu was birthed, I must still thank President Muhammadu Buhari for standing by internal democratic principles. I must not be ungrateful in appreciating him as some other dictators would have thrown caution to the wind just to have their way. Mr President, well done!

Be that as it may, the bad news in all the primaries is the obscene use of money to influence the decision of the delegates, who, by and large, are paupers. Most of them are vulnerable people, easily manipulable and, indeed, ultimately manipulated. The situation was so bad that the chairman of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) had to cry out and expressed fear about the displacement of democracy for plutocracy. Genuine potential leaders are snuffed out of the process due to impecuniosity. The implication of this is that pretenders to leadership are now occupying the centre stage. This further dims the hope for the rescue of the nation. My ‘Oga’ and my brother, in whom I am well pleased, Raji Fashola, SAN, often tells me that in a situation like this leaders give hope to the people, and it is the hope that metamorphoses into growth of a sinking nation like ours.

As much I agree with him, I am pragmatically not too optimistic about that theory in the Nigerian situation. The indices are simply not adding up. In any case, the primaries are gone and while some politicians are basking in the euphoria of success in some respects and others are licking their wounds, with some exasperated losers using all means to recover money paid to delegates in order to secure votes, there seems not to be any postmortem analysis, which is essential to the improvement of the processes.

We need to always look back to identify challenges in the system always. The Yoruba proverb is very apt here that “Ti omo de ba n ge igi ni igbo, awon agba a maa wo ibi ti o maa wo si,” which literally means “when the young engages in a tree felling activity in the forests, elders would concentrate on the direction the tree would fall”.

We must examine where we are coming from and look into our future. The Yoruba say “Ti omode ba subu a wo iwaju, ti agba subu o maa wo ehin”. When a child stumbles, he looks back to see the stumbling block while an elder looks ahead to prevent another fall. This is the crux of my engagement in this column.

Except the thoughts expressed by my friend, Dakuku Peterside, I have not stumbled on any retrospective analysis of the political party’s primaries.

Much of what I have read are fulsome praises for the winners and the vilification of the losers and in some instances, words of encouragement to heal the wounds of electoral contests to forge a stronger unity for the parties. I would rather scrutinize the past, the present, in order to pave way for the future. Gbogbo wa o le sun ka ko ori si ibi kan naa. We all cannot be thinking in the same way. For those that have followed my political movements in the last two decades or thereabout, it would have been noted that my engagements have been largely on the issue of internal democracy. It is a passionate battle that I have consistently fought with the various godfathers in the political parties I found myself then. In fact, it was the main battle that made me exit the ruling party in July, 2018 and politics generally. Therefore, seeing the latter-day crusaders of internal democracy in action gladdens my heart.

Most of those that have enjoyed the fruits of internal democracy struggle today are never apostles of it. In their various domains, they frustrate the process and allow no free will in the nomination of candidates. Pardon my getting a bit personal, throughout my membership, then of APC, as remarked above, one battle of my life I fought throughout was that of internal democracy. Those at daggers-drawn with me then are now converts. As they continuously chorus internal democracy in the agitation for the party ticket, I marvel, laugh and smile! How easy for human beings to summersault when their personal interests are at stake. One can then imagine seeing this happen in one’s lifetime, regardless of the associated inadequacies, what the feeling would be? Anyway, as Chinua Achebe puts it in his book

Things Fall Apart, the lizard that jumps from the high iroko tree says if no one praises it, it will praise itself. I take the liberty to therefore commend and appreciate my efforts in this regard. At the risk of being Oliver Twist, I demand similar gratitude from all the numerous beneficiaries of the internal democracy practice in the various political parties. I humbly declare myself as the ‘super delegate’ in all the political party’s primaries. It is only hoped that they will not forget to give credit to where it belongs. As I congratulate the various candidates across the parties again, I specially congratulate APC standard bearer, Asiwaju Bola Ahmed Tinubu, with whom I have several affiliations. He is the greatest beneficiary of internal democracy during this electoral season. He fought for it as he vehemently resisted the attempts to impose on him.

His democratic tendencies came out in full glare. He campaigned to delegates knowing that they were the ultimate determiners of this process. He moved round the various States of the Federation. He became a champion of internal democracy all over the nation, appreciating it as the only route to his salvation in the ensuing milieu, as the powers-that-be wanted to use his original sword to kill him. The Yoruba would say apani kan kii fe ki won mu ida koja ni ipako oun. He who kills by the sword would detest a playful dangling of a sword behind his neck. My expectation, prayer and plea, therefore, to him is that he transplants this lofty struggle for internal democracy to his political base and other territories of his influence. In doing so, I will plead with him to apply the same energy he deployed in his own personal struggle to our dear Lagos and his other spheres of influence to entrench internal democracy within the party and Nigeria. This is the greatest legacy he can bequeath to the democratic struggles in Nigeria. Sir, you have fought for internal democracy at the presidential level so as not to be guilty of selfish appropriation of the nomination process.

Charity must be made to start from home. As future elections approach, particularly the local government elections, let the party members have a sense of hope in internal democracy. Your emergence today must not be an end to becoming the President of Nigeria but a means to an end of entrenching democracy in our body polity. Just as I have always said, it is through internal democracy that we can discover genuine leaders of the people. Political parties grow and get strengthened when party members are expressly allowed to pursue their ambitions in a free, fair and transparent process. This is the ultimate lesson I want us to draw and an admonition to all leaders. With this, I progress into the other segment of our discourse which is the further diagnosis of the political party primaries and the prognosis therefrom. The first area of concern is the process of emergence of the so-called delegates used in the determination of the party candidates where the indirect mode of nomination, as highlighted above, has been adopted. In a lot of the party primaries in which indirect method was adopted, no proper election of delegates in line with the law ever took place. Rather than the delegates being elected for the purpose of the nomination, appointment of the delegates is what substantially took place.

The process by which majority of these delegates emerged was what the political parties called consensus method in which all the members of the political party ought to agree on some members of the party to be delegates, whereas such purported consensus is nothing short of imposition and is in non-compliance with the statutory provisions and regulations. In a proper consensus situation, affirmation would still be required but which never took place, particularly in the ruling party which is a familiar terrain to me. It is largely the failure to adhere to the basic democratic tenets that probably accounts for the quality of delegates that emerged ultimately, and by extension, the quality of candidates at all levels that surfaced in the various political parties. This explained, as remarked above, the presence of the vulnerable lots in comfortable majority as delegates at the conventions of most political parties and whose fortunes improved significantly with the amounts their consciences were purchased at the primary elections. Now that the candidates have emerged, I notice, as usual, grumbling in town, particularly on the social media, about the quality of candidates that have emerged in the various political parties, from which the electorate must now pick one. In several fora and engagements, I have warned against this eventuality but now the reality has dawned on Nigerians.

You simply do not have a choice than to pick one of the candidates. Accept my sympathy in this regard. From this lesson, we must, therefore, learn how to partake directly or indirectly in the affairs of the political parties. Certainly, it is not compulsory that one must contest election in the political parties but few good ones amongst us in the political parties can make significant difference through the participation in the affairs of the various political parties. As at date, there is a huge deficit of good people in the various political parties. The larger percentage of the composition of the political parties membership is made of the Ojelus , who have nothing at stake in the polity than their survival; this is as opposed to the Oselus , who are in the extreme minority and out for public good. From my experience, we do not need beyond ten percent good people to populate the space before we reap bountiful reward from the system. We need to dilute the terrain with at least a sizeable percentage of good people. It is upon the occurrence of this that the political parties can play the vital role of presenting us quality candidates.

The net effect will then be the emergence of substantially informed delegates who can take sound decisions. This, to a large extent, will reduce the impact of money in the nomination process. The emergent delegates then will neither be charlatans nor scavengers. Proper delegates who then emerge can, even without any formal presentation from the aspirants, research into the pedigree and competence of each one of the aspirants, in deciding who to support for the candidature of the party. Most of the paraded delegates in this last exercise knew next to nothing about the pedigree or competence of the aspirants they voted for. This is the disaster that unveiled during the last political parties’ primaries. To avert this in the future, we must shore up the process of the nomination of delegates.

Not only must the process be strengthened but proper monitoring of the process must be carried out. By the law today, the Independent National Electoral Commission is meant to monitor the level of compliance and adherence to the processes stipulated for the emergence of candidates, amongst others. Regrettably, except in some few States of the federation, there is absolute dereliction of duty in this regard. I give kudos to the Akwa Ibom State Resident Electoral Commissioner, Mr. Mike Ighini, a forthright comrade, amongst others, that have dutifully done the job well, in this regard. Mike Ighini, well done and keep it up. Beyond the foregoing, where such dereliction is discovered, it is advisable that the products of such abhorrent process be challenged.

Whenever such occurs, let the affected aspirant(s) pick up the battle. At the barest minimum, even if at worst the aspirant did not succeed, I can assure you that the sacrifice would have yielded the fruit of sounding note of warning in the future to the perpetrators. This is one way to tame the impunity in the political terrain. Through this, we can upset some of the cases of imposition which will serve as deterrent to the violators, the political parties. The combination of all these, hopefully, will ground the required improvements necessary for the future. Last but not the least is the continuous need for the proper structuring of the political parties. Where this is in place, capacity development of the party members becomes a must. To this extent, propriety of processes can then be taken for granted. This is the way to go!

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